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  Palm Sample in C

 Purpose

This is the C version of our combination application. It's one of the Palm Samples.

 Requirements

You need Palm SDK and PilRC (see tools section).

 Source code

Below is the .c file.

For .h, .rcp, .bmp, Makefile and .prc, please download the ZIP file.

// Combination.c
// Palm
// C

#include "combination.h"
#include <palmtypes.h>
#include <PalmCompatibility.h>
#include <System/SystemPublic.h>
#include <UI/UIPublic.h>


static UInt32 Factorial(UInt32 n)
{
    return (n <= 1) ? 1 : n*Factorial(n-1); // heh-heh... let's mix a ternary operator (?) and recursion...
}


static UInt32 Combination(UInt32 n, UInt32 p)
{
    return Factorial(n) / (Factorial(n - p) * Factorial(p));
}


static void Go()
{
    static  Char* GetField(UInt16, UInt16);
    static  FieldPtr SetField(UInt16, UInt16, MemPtr);
    UInt32  n = 0, p = 0;
    Char    *ptr, buf[21];

    if (ptr=GetField(MainForm, MainN))
        n = StrAToI(ptr);
    if (ptr=GetField(MainForm, MainP))
        p = StrAToI(ptr);

    StrIToA(buf, Factorial(n));
    SetField(MainForm, MainFactorialN, buf);
    
    StrIToA(buf, Factorial(p));
    SetField(MainForm, MainFactorialP, buf);

    StrIToA(buf, Factorial(n-p));
    SetField(MainForm, MainFactorialNP, buf);

    StrIToA(buf, Combination(n,p));
    SetField(MainForm, MainCombination, buf);

    FrmDrawForm(FrmGetFormPtr(MainForm));
}


static Char* GetField(UInt16 formID, UInt16 fieldID)
{
    FormPtr     frm;
    FieldPtr    fld;
    UInt16      obj;
    
    frm = FrmGetFormPtr(formID);
    obj = FrmGetObjectIndex(frm, fieldID);
    fld = (FieldPtr)FrmGetObjectPtr(frm, obj);
    return FldGetTextPtr(fld);
}


static FieldPtr SetField(UInt16 formID, UInt16 fieldID, MemPtr str)
{
    FormPtr     frm;
    FieldPtr    fld;
    UInt16      obj;
    CharPtr     p;
    VoidHand    h;
    
    frm = FrmGetFormPtr(formID);
    obj = FrmGetObjectIndex(frm, fieldID);
    fld = (FieldPtr)FrmGetObjectPtr(frm, obj);
    h = (VoidHand)FldGetTextHandle(fld);
    if (h == NULL)
    {
        h = MemHandleNew (FldGetMaxChars(fld)+1);
        ErrFatalDisplayIf(!h, "No Memory");
    }
    
    p = (CharPtr)MemHandleLock(h);
    StrCopy(p, str);
    MemHandleUnlock(h);
    
    FldSetTextHandle(fld, (Handle)h);
}


static Boolean MainFormHandleEvent(EventPtr event)
{
    Boolean     handled = false;
    FieldPtr    fld;

    switch (event->eType)
    {
        case frmOpenEvent:
            if (event->data.frmOpen.formID == MainForm)
                FrmDrawForm(FrmGetFormPtr(MainForm));
            handled = true;
            break;
    
        case menuEvent:
            MenuEraseStatus(NULL);
            switch (event->data.menu.itemID)
            {
                case MainOptionsHelpCmd:
                    (void)FrmAlert(HelpAlert);
                    handled = true;
                    break;
                    
                case MainOptionsAboutCmd:
                    (void)FrmAlert(AboutAlert);
                    handled = true;
                    break;
                    
                default:
                    break;
            }
            break;
    
        case ctlSelectEvent:
            switch (event->data.ctlSelect.controlID)
            {
                case MainCompute:
                    Go();
                    handled = true;
                    break;

                default:
                    break;
            }
            break;
    
        default:
            break;
    }

    return handled;
}


static Boolean AppHandleEvent(EventPtr event)
{
    FormPtr frm;
    Int     formId;
    Boolean handled;

    handled = false;

    if (event->eType == frmLoadEvent)
    {
        formId = event->data.frmLoad.formID;
        frm = FrmInitForm(formId);
        FrmSetActiveForm(frm);
        switch (formId)
        {
            case MainForm:
                FrmSetEventHandler(frm, MainFormHandleEvent);
                handled = true;
                break;
                
            default:
                break;
        }
    }

    return handled;
}


static void AppStart()
{
    FrmGotoForm(MainForm);
}


static void AppEventLoop(void)
{
    EventType   event;
    short       error;

    do
    {
        EvtGetEvent(&event, 100);
        
        if (SysHandleEvent(&event))
            continue;
            
        if (MenuHandleEvent((void *)0, &event, &error))
            continue;

        if (AppHandleEvent(&event))
            continue;

        FrmDispatchEvent(&event);
    }
    while (event.eType != appStopEvent);
}


static void AppStop()
{
    FrmCloseAllForms();
}


UInt32 PilotMain(UInt16 cmd, MemPtr cmdPBP, UInt16 launchFlags)
{
    switch (cmd)
    {
        case sysAppLaunchCmdNormalLaunch:
            AppStart();
            AppEventLoop();
            AppStop();
            break;
            
        default:
            break;
    }
        
    return 0;
}

 Comments

Take a minute to compare this C version of combination with the versions in other languages. You'll notice that this one, the Palm SDK version, has a far bigger overhead in terms of lines of source code. However, once you are used to developing Palm apps, you'll make your own template out of this overhead, so as to reuse it for each new application. Who likes to reinvent the wheel?

The core functions are located at the beginning of the .c file: Factorial(), Combination() and Go(). The rest of the code encapsulates Palm OS API's, processes events, manages the event loop and launches the application.

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